Stress proliferation theory suggests that parental incarceration may have deleterious intergenerational health consequences. In this study, data from the 2011–2012 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) is used to estimate the relationship between parental incarceration and children’s fair or poor overall health, a range of physical and mental health conditions, activity limitations, and chronic school absence. Results suggest that children’s health disadvantages are an overlooked and unintended consequence of mass incarceration and that incarceration, given its unequal distribution across the population, may have implications for population-level racial-ethnic and social class inequalities in children’s health. Read more here.